To avoid delays, author should follow the level, length, and format of the UR Forum Publishers Journals at every stage of the process, from manuscript submission to revision. Separate from the main text, submitted articles should include a 300-word summary/abstract. The summary should provide a concise account of the work by clearly stating the purpose of the study and the methodology used, as well as briefly highlighting major findings. A few short subheadings of no more than 40 characters each may be included in the text. The recommended length of articles is approximately 8,000 words (or between 6,000 and 10,000 words), excluding references, to ensure a rigorous approach without excess material. It will be possible to accept articles with a length of more than 10,000 words occasionally, if the topic warrants this length of material.
The details (full names and affiliations) of all the authors should be given in the manuscript. For corresponding author details (Live address with Telephone, Fax and Email address) should be provided in the manuscript.
IImages with high resolutions must be submitted by the author. Authors should take full responsibility for copyrighted images during submission and publication process.
Submit your contribution through: Online submission form at https://urfpublishers.com/journal/biomedical/online-submission
Suggested formats for figures should be in bitmap formats (JPEG, GIF, TIFF, etc.). Please send us the Photoshop indexes, in case the pictures need any differential segments on distinctive layers.
Use numerical to designate figures (e.g., Figure 1). Use justifiable description, if necessary.
During submissions, figures are supposed to be at sufficient quality, preferably as JPEGs.
Tables can be included in the text, if not submitted as a separate file, oriented in portrait form (not landscape) and upright on the page, not sideways.
Use numerical to designate tables (e.g., Table 1). Use justifiable description, if necessary.
If equations cannot be encoded in MathML, submit them in TIFF or EPS format as discrete
files (i.e., a file containing only the data for one equation). Only when tables cannot be
encoded as XML/SGML can they be submitted as graphics. If this method is used, it is
critical that the font size in all equations and tables is consistent and legible throughout all
Suggested Equation Extraction Method.
Discrete items of the Supplementary Information (Materials & Methods, Figures, Tables, etc.,) referred to at an appropriate point in the main text of the chapter. Summary diagram/figure included as part of the Supplementary Information (optional). All Supplementary Information is supplied as a single PDF file, where possible. File size within the permitted limits for Supplementary Information. Images should be a maximum size of 640 x 480 pixels (9 x 6.8 inches at 72 pixels per inch).
Suggestions from the authors, before or after the publication process, are acceptable and ensure that the corrections are clearly legible.
Plagiarism is copying another person’s text or ideas and passing the copied material as your own work. You must both delineate (i.e., separate and identify) the copied text from your text and give credit to (i.e., cite the source) the source of the copied text to avoid accusations of plagiarism. Plagiarism is considered fraud and has potentially harsh consequences including loss of job, loss of reputation, and the assignation of reduced or failing grade in a course”. All manuscripts received towards URF journals are scanned for plagiarism. If potential plagiarism is detected, authors will be contacted for clarification. The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, it is necessary to indicate the source of the information within your paper using an internal citation.
Research articles are articles that are written based on empirical/secondary data collected using a clearly defined research methodology, with conclusions/s drawn from the data analysis. The data must be based on original research that contributes to the body of knowledge in all topic areas included in this journal- author's area of expertise. Articles should include a critical description or analysis of the data presented, as well as new and rapidly evolving areas of the field. Include an abstract of no more than 300 words, with 7 to 10 key words. The abstract should be divided into the following sections: Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion. Research articles must follow a format that includes an introduction, a brief review of relevant literature, methodology used (to collect data), discussion, and References, Tables, and Figure Legends.
Review articles are primarily based on secondary data that is relevant to the journal's theme. They are brief but critical discussions on a particular aspect of the subject at hand. Reviews typically begin with a problem statement, followed by a brief abstract of 300 words and a few key words. The introduction generally introduces the issue to the readers, followed by an analytical discussion with the use of necessary tables, graphs, pictures, and illustrations. It concludes by summarising the topic. All statements or observations in review articles must be supported by citations, with a complete reference provided at the end of the article.
Case reports include detailed information on the symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of an individual patient. A typical case report describes the patient’s condition, how the physician chose to treat the patient, and the results of this treatment.
These articles report specific instances of interesting phenomena. A goal of case studies is to make other researchers aware of the possibility that a specific phenomenon might occur. This type of study is often used in medicine to report the occurrence of previously unknown or emerging pathologies.
Commentaries are opinion articles written mostly by the veteran and experienced writers on a specific development, recent innovation or research findings that fall in line with the theme of the journal. They are very brief articles with the title and abstract that provides the gist of the topic to be discussed, with few key words. It straight away states the problems and provides a thorough analysis with the help of the illustrations, graphs and tables if necessary. It summarizes the topic with a brief conclusion, citing the references at the end.
Letters to the editor should be limited to commentaries on previously published articles, with
specific references to issues and causes related to it. Reports of cases or research findings
should be concise, comprehensive, and brief. It does not adhere to any format, such as an
abstract, subheadings, or acknowledgments. It is more of a reader response or opinion on a
specific article published, and it should reach the editor within 6 months of the article's
publication. Acknowledgement: This section includes mentions of people, grant details,
funds, and so on.
Editorials are submitted exclusively by the host editor(s) of a journal research topic, to convey to the reader the aims and objectives of the research that pertains to the topic, as well as placing it in a broader context. The Editorial should present the contributing articles of the research topic but should not be a mere table of contents. As the final contributing article to the research topic, Editorials should be submitted once all expected articles have been accepted and published. Editorials should not include unpublished or original data and the inclusion of references is strongly encouraged. Editorial articles may contain 1 Figure and have a word count of 1,000 for topics with 4-9 articles. The word limit can be increased for each additional article in the Topic, up to a maximum of 5,000 words for 40 articles or more. Editors and topic editors are not required to pay a fee to publish an Editorial article. Submissions are required to have the title Editorial: "Title of Research Topic"..
All manuscripts must contain the following sections under the heading 'Declarations':
The information to be included in these sections can be found below.
If any of the sections do not pertain to your manuscript, please indicate this with a heading and the word 'Not applicable'.
Only published or accepted manuscripts should be included in the reference list. Meetings abstracts, conference talks, or papers that have been submitted but not yet accepted should not be cited. All personal communications should be supported by a letter from the relevant author.
URF Publishers follows AMA (American Medical Association) styling for citations. Items are listed numerically in the order they are cited in the text. Use commas to separate multiple citation numbers in text. Superscript numbers 1 to mark citations in the text are placed outside periods and commas, and inside colons and semicolons. When citing the same source more than once, give the number of the original reference, where the information was found.
Order of details of a reference should be maintained as below:
1. Smith LA, O’Flanagan CH, Bowers LW, Allott EH, Hursting SD. Translating Mechanism-Based Strategies to Break the Obesity-Cancer Link: A Narrative Review. J Acad Nutr Diet 2018;118(2): 652-667.
2. Yazigi JA Jr, Anauate Nicolao F, Archetti Netto N. Magnetic resonance imaging reproducibility for rotator cuff partial tears in patients up to 60 years. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019;20:383-388.
3. Moore Y, Shotton E, Brown R, Gremmel J, Lindsey S, Pankey J. Effects of incentive spirometry on perceived dyspnea in patients hospitalized with pneumonia. Medsurg Nursing 2018;27(1):19-23.
4. Laver KE, Adey‐Wakeling Z, Crotty M, Lannin NA, George S, Sherrington C. Telerehabilitation services for stroke. Cochrane Database of Syst Rev 2020;(1):CD010255.
Note: For more than six, provide the names of the first three authors and then add et al.,
Author must ensure that each reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Kindly remember that there should be no citation in the abstract. Moreover, unpublished manuscripts or results should not be cited in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. Citation of a reference as in press implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
Posterior urethral valve (PUV) is the most common cause of congenital lower urinary tract
obstruction in male children. 1 While primary endoscopic fulguration is the mainstay treatment
for PUV, it may not always be feasible, particularly in severe cases. 1,3 This study aimed to
investigate whether the initial surgical treatment (primary endoscopic fulguration (PEF)
versus primary vesicostomy (PVS)) affects the outcome of PUV, using clinical, biological,
radiological, and urodynamic parameters to assess the efficacy of each approach. 4-7
Note: (In-Text Citations) - Use commas to show that more than one work is being cited, and use hyphens for several works that would be numbered sequentially.
Electronic proofs will be sent as a PDF file as an e-mail attachment to the corresponding author. Page proofs are considered the manuscript's final version. The manuscript will not be changed during the proof stage, with the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors. Author will have free electronic access to the article's full text (HTML, PDF, and XML).
Benefits of Open Access include greater visibility, accelerated citation, immediate access to the full text versions, higher impact and author retains the copyright to their work. All open access articles are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC- BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). It also allows immediate deposit of the final published version in other repositories without restriction on re-use.